BDnotes15Nov

BDnotes15Nov - H213 notes, 15 November 2011 The Origins of...

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H213 notes, 15 November 2011 The Origins of International Control of Epidemic Diseases How plague mattered Overview The Austria-Hungary Empire’s great cordon sanitaire o Plague seen as a disease of Ottoman Eurasia and North Africa o Creation of the Transylvanian Plague Control District A very different epidemic disease became the great concern of Europeans: cholera o Pandemics in 1831/32, 1848-54, 1866, 1881 [and several later, in 20 th century] o Initial reactions to the new disease International approach to spread of cholera o International Sanitary Congresses o The core political problems Austrian Cordon Sanitaire Established in late 1700s to keep the Ottoman Turks out of the Hapsburg Empire o 1760s and 1770s, created a full ministry in Vienna to administer the plague regulations; periodic updates and refinements of these regulations, 1780s-1820s o Border controls: had elaborate procedures and technologies o “Transylvania Plague Control District” Militarized inspection
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BDnotes15Nov - H213 notes, 15 November 2011 The Origins of...

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