PLATO--some general lessons

PLATO--some general lessons - 1/25/2011 PLATO Some General...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 1/25/2011 PLATO Some General Lessons We Can Draw from the Republic • 1. Theory of the proper role of government: A legitimate government is one that serves for the betterment of the society, not of themselves. • 2. Theory of why societies are formed: Because people are not self‐sufficient and need to live together in order to provide each other the goods and services they need. 1 1/25/2011 • 3. Theory of what makes a good political system: One in which the wise control government, and everyone else understands their place in the society • 4. Organic theory of the state: We are all parts of the state, like the organs in a body— the well‐being of the state is more important than the happiness of the individuals within it. • 5. Theory of Justice: Justice in a society consists of everyone playing their proper role and respecting the authority of the wise; justice in the individual consists of the different parts of the soul playing their proper roles, and respecting the authority of the rational part. So: Justice is an internal harmony, which will cause a society to be well‐balanced and to generally do what is right. And doing what is right is innately good because it makes you feel contented. 2 1/25/2011 • 6. The theory of forms: The physical world is not the real world; the real world is the world of “forms” or “ideas.” • 7. Stages of Cognition: the highest form of cognition is the study of ideas. • 8. The proper system of government: Aristocracy. All other systems reflect imbalances and hostility among different classes, leading, ultimately, to resort to a tyrant. 3 ...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online