BRITAIN - 9/30/2010 MapofGreatBritainbeforeIrish...

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9/30/2010 1 Pl i t i l Hi t Political History Map of Great Britain before Irish Independence Map of Great Britain after Irish Independence (since 1948) Where is Great Britain?
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9/30/2010 2 What is Great Britain (or the United Kingdom?) Great Britain=England, Scotland, and Wales United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (formerly United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland) England Scotland Wales Britain and Ireland) = England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland How it all became the United Kingdom Wales Controlled by the Romans until 410 Populated by descendents of the Celts, who fought off Anglo Saxon invasions for many centuries th Conquered by King Edward in the late 13 Century Self ruled by succession of English princes Annexed by England in 1536 under King Henry VIII Often mistreated by England, leading to independence movement in 20 th Century ‐‐ Plaid Cymru 1998–gains autonomous rule of internal affairs–its own national assembly Plaid Cymru becomes affiliated with the Labour Party How it all became the United Kingdom Scotland Populated by descendents of Celts who maintained independent kingdom during Roman Empire Centuries of warfare with England Result of intermarriage of English and Scottish royal families 1601—King James I, a Scot, becomes King of England 1707—Royal families agree to merger of England and Scotland into United Kingdom of Great Britain How it all became Great Britain Ireland Invaded by England in the 12 th Century Ongoing conflict, England controlling parts of Ireland 1651—Cromwell invasion ‐‐ oppression of Catholics Rebellion of 1798–Britain forced to offer union with Ireland and representation in Parliament 1801—British and Irish parliaments vote for union 1840s—Great Potato Famine 1910’s 20’s–Irish Republican Army, war for independence 1921 truce – Autonomy for Ireland, except 6 northern counties (Northern Ireland) 1948—Republic of Ireland Act–Ireland no longer dominion of the crown 1960s—The “Troubles” in Northern Ireland 1972— “Bloody Sunday”
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9/30/2010 3 History of British Isles Throughout 20 th Century—continual conflict between Protestant unionists and Catholic republicans in Northern Ireland 1998—Belfast Accord engineered with help of U.S. President Clinton: Northern Ireland gets national assembly to make local decisions % t id t k
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BRITAIN - 9/30/2010 MapofGreatBritainbeforeIrish...

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