Global and International Governmental Organizations

Global and International Governmental Organizations -...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
4/21/2011 1 Global and International Governmental Organizations 1. The United Nations Founding Founded in 1945 at a meeting of 51 countries in San Francisco; Headquartered in the world’s greatest city; Every state in the world is a member, with the exceptions of Vatican City, Taiwan, and Kosovo; Designed to be an improvement over the failed League of Nations; The idea of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt (but he wasn’t the first to think of the idea of an international organization to maintain peaceful relations among nations. German philosopher Emmanuel Kant came up with idea in 1795). Purpose According to the UN Charter, the organization’s four purposes are : To keep peace throughout the world; To develop friendly relations among nations; To help nations work together to improve the lives of poor people, to conquer hunger, disease and illiteracy, and to encourage respect for each other’s rights and freedoms; To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations to achieve these goals.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4/21/2011 2 Structure of the United Nations Legislative Executive Judicial Security Council (5 permanent members and 10 Economic and Social Council Secretariat (Led by It t i l temporary members) (54 members) General Assembly (all 192 members) Secretary General, currently Ban Ki Moon of South Korea International Court of Justice (15 judges) General Assem bly Consists of all 192 member countries Passes the UN budget Elects the Secretary General, who heads the body Elects the 10 non permanent members of the Security Council Most of its work consists of considering, debating, and voting on General Assembly resolutions, which are non binding Works on and approves international rights declarations And on treaties, which are binding among the signatories Examples of Important Human Rights Conventions have shaped global understanding of the rights of people 1948–Dec laration of Human Rights 1981–Dec laration on the Elimination of all forms of Intolerance and Discrimination on the basis of Religion or Belief 1993 – Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women 2005–Dec laration on Human Cloning 2007–Dec laration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Some U.N. Treaties Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1948) International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (1966) International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966) International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966) Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (1979) Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or (1984)
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course CPO 2001 taught by Professor Beck during the Fall '11 term at Santa Fe College.

Page1 / 13

Global and International Governmental Organizations -...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online