INDIA - 4/19/2010 SomeBasicData Population:1.15billion

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4/19/2010 1 Some Basic Data y Population: 1.15 billion y Birth rate: 22.2 per 1,000, 86 th (U.S. 14 per 1,000) y Life expectancy: 63.5 y 36.94 per 1,00, 60th y GDP ‐‐ $906.2 trillion (2006) 13 th y GDP Per Capita ‐‐ $817 (2006), 160 th y % of income richest 20%: (55 th ) 46.1% (U.S., 46.4%) y Income per capita: $442 (128 th ) (U.S., $33,000) y % of population living on less than $1 a day: 44% (11 th )–rapidly declining past 2 decades y Rapidly growing middle class—perhaps 300 million people y India has 4 of the 10 richest people in the world, more billionaires than any other country in Asia, predicted to have most in the world within a few decades Data y .034 murders per 1,000 people (26 th ) (U.S., .043, 24 th ) y Literacy rate–60% y Percentage living in Urban areas: 23% (172 nd ) (U.S., 80%) y Health care expenditure per capita: $32 (141 st ) (U.S., $6,100) y Population growth rate per year: 1.58% (88 th ) (U.S., o.88) Religion in India y Hinduism: 828 million y Islam: 138 million y Christianity: 24 million y Sikhism: 19.2 million y Buddhism: 8 million y Jainism: 4.2 million
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4/19/2010 2 Indus Valley Civilization – about 3000 to 1000 BC Indus River Civilization y Sophisticated Urban civilization y Huge advancements in sewerage and drainage, architecture, precise weights and measures, hygiene, metallurgy, pottery, ceramics, boating, agricultural methods, written language and literacy; y Complex, mathematically planned cities y Building of canals y Evidence points to a relatively egalitarian society y Religious symbols similar to ones used in modern Hinduism and Jainism y Etc. Aryans y Around 1500 B.C. invaders from the north, originating in Siberia. y Influence on Hinduism, including introduction of the caste system y Drive many from the Indus Valley civilization into southern part of Indian subcontinent y Many Aryan kingdoms on the subcontinent over the next millenium y In 563 BC, Siddh ā rtha Gautama, the Buddha, is born in Lumbini, on border of modern day India and Nepal; y Invasions by Persians (6 th Century BC), Greeks (4 th Century BC)
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4/19/2010 3 More Conquerers y After fall of the Greek empire, period of relative quiet; y Gradually, much of the subcontinent is consolidated in six kingdoms; y Buddhist ideas are merged into Hinduism y Relative stability until arrival of the Muslim Caliphate; y Around 1000 AD, Muslim invasion of Northern India; y Then invasion by the Mongols y Then, variety of Muslim strongmen y In 1526, Mughal monarch Babur conquers Punjab, beginning Mughal Empire that would soon cover nearly the entire subcontinent y Mughals – descendents of the Mongols who converted to Islam East India Trading Company y 1600 – Queen Elizabeth I gives East India Trading Company a monopoly on British trade in India–trading for cotton, silk, tea, spices, opium, etc. y 17 th Century–With trading companies from several countries vying for control of trade with India; y And with Mughals facing increased resistance within the subcontinent; y East India Trading Company begins propping up the Mughal emporer in exchange for favorable trading arrangements; y 1757–Battle of Plassey – starts with skirmish between French company and East India company; people take side of French
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course CPO 2001 taught by Professor Beck during the Fall '11 term at Santa Fe College.

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INDIA - 4/19/2010 SomeBasicData Population:1.15billion

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