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Sample Comparative Politics Exam 1 Fall 2010

Sample Comparative Politics Exam 1 Fall 2010 - COMPARATIVE...

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COMPARATIVE POLITICS FIRST EXAM (make-up), Fall 2008 1. Britain is a unitary state. This means that in Britain: a. the people are united behind a monarch; b. there is no opposition party in the legislature; c. most significant political powers are concentrated in the national government; d. Britain is governed by a unitary governmental institution rather than by separate and independent branches. 2. One piece of history that continues to make an important difference between British and American politics is that : a. in the U.S., the working class gained the right to vote before industrialization; while in Britain the industrial working class had to fight for the right to vote, giving birth to a labor party; b. in the U.S., there was a civil war, while Britain has not experienced any internal armed conflict since the 16 th century; c. in the U.S., conservatives have historically been more pro-business than liberals; in Britain, it has historically been the other way around; d. in Britain, there is a history of political scandals that have caused people to distrust the government; this has not occurred to a major extent in the U.S. 3. In Britain, unlike the United States : a. there is no separation of powers; b. the chief executive is more powerful than the legislature; c. the Supreme Court has the power to amend the Constitution; d. local governments have tremendous power over their internal affairs. 4. British elections are more “party-centered” than American elections. One reason for this is that: a. unlike in the United States, the British have much more traditional ties to their political parties, and thus vote for their party candidates without regard to the individual qualities of the candidate; b. in Britain, which party wins the most seats in the House of Commons determines who will become Prime Minister; c. in Britain, voters must vote for their party’s candidates in the general election; d. the British vote for their parliament using a system of proportional representation, in which each party gets a proportion of the seats in the House of Commons in proportion to its share of the vote. 5. Tony Blair’s “third way” meant that: a. Blair agreed to give greater power to members of his party in Parliament, and did less to enforce party unity. b. the Labor Party rejected some of its more radical positions of the past and accepted the principles of private enterprise and free trade; c. the Labor Party became more solidly in favor of governmental regulation and control of essential industries; d. Blair’s Conservative Party accepted more liberal positions on abortion, gay civil union, and stem-cell research.
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Sample Comparative Politics Exam 1 Fall 2010 - COMPARATIVE...

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