THEUNITEDSTATES

THEUNITEDSTATES - Whyisitsodifferentfromotherliberal...

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Why is it so different from other liberal democracies?
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FIRST: Some important things our textbook ignores
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Origins of the United States 17 th and 18 th Centuries— Colonization by the British Britain establishes settlements here, and settlers come, because of a host of motivations: ‐‐ material resources (cash crops for British production) ‐‐ Land speculation ‐‐ Land to establish farms ‐‐ Escape from poverty (people could become “indentured servants”, with promise of freedom and property after several years of servitude) ‐‐ Religious freedom
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Colonialism Britain esablishes 13 separate colonies --each has a British governor --but each is allowed significant autonomy on local affairs, with its own legislature. --ultimately, though, the British governors could impose Britain’s will and could veto acts by the state legislatures.
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Independence 1760s and 70s— Colonists (especially commercial interests) upset with England over taxation, trade restrictions, inhibition of westward expansion 1776 – Declaration of Independence 1776 1783 – Revolutionary War The colonies win independence and become 13 separate states (“state” being a synonym for “country”) They do agree to a central government to perform certain functions, but they are separate, sovereign entities—as in today’s European Union.
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A NEW COUNTRY Thus, the real birth of the U.S. is not July 4, 1776; it comes in 1789, with ratification by the states of the U.S. Constitution, which creates ONE COUNTRY. The Constitution was written in 1787 and ratified by the states over the next year, and went into effect in January 1789, with the first elections and seating of the first true federal government. MORE ON THE CONSTITUTION LATER!
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United States in 1789 (How did we go from this…)
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(…to this?) United States Today
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EXPANSION OF THE UNITED STATES Manifest Destiny the historical belief that the United States is destined, even divinely ordained, to expand across the North American continent, from the Atlantic seaboard to the Pacific Ocean.
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Expansion of the United States 1803 – Louisiana Purchase In 1803, Spain ceded control over Louisiana to France Napoleon gives up plans for a North American empire, begins negotiations with President Jefferson for purchase Purchase price: $15 million (about $205 million in 2007 dollars) Napoleon: "This accession of territory affirms forever the power of the United States, and I have given England a maritime rival who sooner or later will humble her pride."
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The Louisiana Purchase wasn’t just today’s Louisiana –it doubled the size of the U.S.!
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FLORIDA When the U.S. bought Louisiana, it claimed that included Florida (Spain controlled it, but the French laid claim to it also, and the U.S. conveniently decided it was part of the Louisiana Purchase).
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course CPO 2001 taught by Professor Beck during the Fall '11 term at Santa Fe College.

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THEUNITEDSTATES - Whyisitsodifferentfromotherliberal...

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