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Nucleic Acids - (ribonucleic acid translates that encoded...

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Nucleic Acids   * Structure - Nucleic acids consist of long chains of nucleotides. Like proteins they have  a helical shape. The two major types of nucleic acids are DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)  and RNA (ribonucleic acid).   nucleotide - The basic monomer of a nucleic acid, consisting of a sugar (deoxyribose or  ribose), a phosphate group, and a nitrogen-containing base.   * Categories and Examples   DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) contains encoded genetic information, while RNA 
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Unformatted text preview: (ribonucleic acid) translates that encoded information into some product, often a particular type of protein. Comparison of DNA and RNA 1. DNA consists of a "double helix", while RNA consists of a single helix. 2. DNA contains the monosaccharide deoxyribose, while RNA contains the monosaccharide ribose. 3. DNA contains the nitrogenous bases adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), and thymine (T); while RNA replaces thymine with uracil (U)....
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