Properties of Carbon and Organic Molecules

Properties of Carbon and Organic Molecules - functional...

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Properties of Carbon and Organic Molecules   1.  Each carbon atom forms four covalent bonds. 2.  Carbon may bond to other carbon atoms to form long chains.   3.  The carbon skeletons of organic molecules may vary in length.   4.  The carbon atoms on the skeleton may be single or double covalent bonds.   5.  The carbon skeletons may be arranged in rings.   isomers - molecules that have the same molecular formula but different structures.     * The unique properties of organic molecules depend not only on the nature of its  carbon skeleton, but also on functional groups which may be attached.
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Unformatted text preview: functional groups - an assemblage of atoms that forms the chemically reactive part of an organic molecule examples - hydroxyl (-OH) alcohols carbonyl (-CO-) aldehydes (terminal) ketones (middle of chain) carboxyl (-COOH) amino acids, nucleic acids amino (-NH 2 ) amino acids phosphate (PO 4 ) ATP, nucleic acids...
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Properties of Carbon and Organic Molecules - functional...

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