There are several methods of defining acids and bases

There are several methods of defining acids and bases - ◦...

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There are several methods of defining acids and bases. While these definitions  don't contradict each other, they do vary in how inclusive they are. Antoine  Lavoisier , Humphry Davy, and Justus Liebig also made observations regarding  acids and bases, but didn't formalize definitions. Svante  Arrhenius acids produce H+ ions in aqueous solutions bases produce OH- ions in aqueous solutions  water required, so only allows for aqueous solutions only protic acids are allowed; required to produce hydrogen ions
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Unformatted text preview: ◦ only hydroxide bases are allowed Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted - Thomas Martin Lowry • acids are proton donors • bases are proton acceptors ◦ aqueous solutions are permissible ◦ bases besides hydroxides are permissible ◦ only protic acids are allowed Gilbert Newton Lewis • acids are electron pair acceptors • bases are electron pair donors ◦ least restrictive of acid-base definitions...
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course CHEM ch 101 taught by Professor - during the Fall '10 term at Montgomery.

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