In the post 9/11 world, the UN has a mixed record. Under the Bush administration, though the US sought UN approval for the invasion of Iraq – arguing that such an invasion would constitute a peace-enforcement action to force Saddam Hussein to comply with UN resolutions on disarmament, when the UN Sec Council refused to grant authorization, the US went to war anyway. The UN has also done very little about the crisis in Darfur in the Sudan. NATO has taken the lead role in enforcing the no-fly zone in Libya. However, both Omar Bashir (the president of the Sudan) and Qaddafi have been indicted by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity. Furthermore, over the past 15 years or so, around 60% of UN assisted cease-fire agreements between combatants – where the UN has followed its more traditional peace-keeping role – have been stable, and violence has not broken out since the UN stepped in. On the economic front, however, liberals would argue that important and strong
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