Realism and Identity: the post-Cold War World Realism: For a realist like Mearsheimer, the end of the Cold War did not bring about the end of power politics. Despite the optimism that was shown about the possibility of international cooperation, esp in the early days after the Cold War, the state will remain the central player in IR and the state will continue to engage in power seeking behavior. M envisions a bipolar world emerge, with the US and the Russians continuing to compete over Europe. This explains the US’s incorporation of the former E European satellite states into NATO – it is seen by Russia, correctly, as an aggressive move by the US, and for the US, it represents a relative gain that takes advantage of Russian weakness. In Asia, a multipolar system has emerged, with the US, Russia, and China as the Great Powers. The US remains the strongest player here, which gives it the greatest freedom to act. International organizations, in M’s view, will not serve as a constraint on this behavior.
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