Insanity - Insanity

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Insanity Insanity is a legal term, not a medical term. It refers to any unsoundness of mind, mental defect, or  lack of reason that prevents people from distinguishing right from wrong and from understanding the  consequences of their actions. Guilty defendants can be found “not guilty by reason of insanity”  because of the belief that people should be punished for their crimes only if they could control their  behavior and knew what they were doing was wrong. Otherwise, it is improper to hold people morally  accountable for criminal behavior. Courts use several tests of insanity. Under the  M'Naghten rule  (1843), defendants are considered  not guilty by reason of insanity if at the time of the crime they were unable to distinguish right from  wrong. All federal courts and about half of the state courts have the  Model Penal Code's  substantial capacity test
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course CJ 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '09 term at Texas State.

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