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Police Strategies

Police Strategies - over foot patrol is increased...

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Police Strategies From the early 1800s to the 1980s, patrol and criminal investigation dominated policing. Uniformed  police patrolled the streets to prevent crime, to interrupt crimes in progress, and to apprehend  criminals. Whatever crimes patrol officers did not prevent, detectives attempted to solve by  questioning suspects, victims, and witnesses. Research since the 1960s has shown the limits of both  patrol and investigation for controlling crime. In the 1990s, the police adopted  proactive policing  strategies  in which police initiate action instead of waiting for calls.  Patrol Patrol remains the backbone of police operations. It consumes most of the resources of police  agencies. On patrol, a police officer makes regular circuits or passes through a specific area called a  beat . Officers sometimes patrol on foot but usually ride in cars. The main advantage of car patrol 
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Unformatted text preview: over foot patrol is increased efficiency of coverage. A disadvantage of car patrol is that it reduces police contacts with citizens. Studies of foot patrol indicate that these patrols are costly and do not reduce crime. They do, however, make citizens less fearful of crime and improve citizen attitudes toward the police. Patrol has three parts: answering calls, maintaining a police presence to deter crime, and probing suspicious circumstances. Of these, the second, preventive patrol , is the most controversial. A presumed advantage of patrol is that police cars cruising randomly through city streets supposedly create the feeling that the police are everywhere....
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