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The Process of Criminal Justice

The Process of Criminal Justice - them to specific cases...

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The Process of Criminal Justice Criminal justice is a process, involving a series of steps beginning with a criminal investigation and  ending with the release of a convicted offender from correctional supervision. Rules and decision  making are at the center of this process. Rules Sources of rules in criminal justice include the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights, state  constitutions, the U.S. Code, state codes, court decisions, federal rules of criminal procedure, state  rules of criminal procedure, and department and agency rules and regulations. The Federal Rules of  Criminal Procedure, for example, govern the procedure in all criminal proceedings in courts of the  United States. Discretion Decision making in criminal justice involves more than the learning of rules and the application of 
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Unformatted text preview: them to specific cases. Decisions are based on discretion, that is, the individual exercise of judgment to make choices about alternative courses of action. Discretion, or making decisions without formal rules, is common in criminal justice. Discretion comes into play whenever police make choices about whether to arrest, investigate, search, question, or use force. Similarly, prosecutors exercise individual judgment in deciding whether to charge a person with a crime and whether to plea-bargain. Judges also use discretion when setting bail, accepting or rejecting plea bargains, ruling on pretrial motions, and sentencing. Parole board members exercise discretion when deciding whether and when to release inmates from prison ....
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