Types of prisons

Types of prisons - reflection of mandatory-sentencing...

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Types of prisons In the United States, prisons have traditionally been distinguished by custody level. Super-maximum-security prisons  confine the most serious escape and assault  risks.  Maximum-security prisons  are walled fortresses that hold the most dangerous  prisoners.  Medium-security prisons  are facilities secured by a series of fences and enclosures  that hold inmates considered less dangerous and escape prone than those in maximum- security prisons.  Minimum-security prisons  are institutions without walls, without armed guards, and  often without perimeter fences and that hold inmates considered to be low security risks.  Women's prisons  are separate maximum-, medium-, and minimum-security prisons  that hold only female inmates. During the 1990s, the proportion of women in state and  federal prisons increased from 3 percent to more than 6 percent. This increase is a 
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Unformatted text preview: reflection of mandatory-sentencing policies and tougher drug laws. A study of female inmates in 1994 found that a majority of them were serving time for drug and drug-related charges. Men's and women's prisons differ. Men's prisons are bigger and more security-conscious; women's prisons tend to have more fluidity in their prison population, since women tend to serve shorter sentences. • Coeducational prisons operate in a number of states. In these institutions, both male and female inmates eat, work, and study together. The rationale behind these prisons is to provide a more normal social environment that will facilitate the eventual reintegration of both men and women into society....
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