Types of racial disparities One type of racial disparity occurs when there is a significant difference between the percentage of a racial group represented in the general population and the percentage of the same group represented at any point in the justice process. For example, African-Americans make up 12 percent of the U.S. population but account for about 40 percent of all arrests, 50 percent of the prison population, and 50 percent of the inmates on death row. Another type of racial disparity appears whenever there is a significantly larger percentage of members of a racial/minority group involved in a part of the criminal justice system than whites. For instance, more than 9 percent of all African-American adult males are in jail or prison or on probation or parole, compared with not quite 2 percent of all white adult males. To cite another example, blacks are four times as likely as whites to
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