Reading Assignment 3

Reading Assignment 3 - CHAPTER 9 Soul Motown Soul music...

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CHAPTER 9: Soul + Motown - Soul music: stems from gospel, blues, and R&B (it’s always been around in the South with the Black people, but it doesn’t get a formal name for a while) - Gospel/blues stems from the South (usually, Baptist churches) and slowly moves its way up now and blues gets a more “happy-ish” sound, courtesy of BB King, Muddy Waters, Howlin’ Wolf - Notable gospel singers: Sister Rosetta Tharpe (Arkansas, but moves to Harlem); Mahalia Jackson (born in New Orleans, moves to Chicago); Thomas Dorsey (composer/performer, 1920s onwards) - 1940s: Savoy/Apollo, Specialty, Chess, Atlantic, Peacock, Vee Jay (indie record companies were formed to popularize this music - 1950s: black music slowly penetrates the white market o Alan Freed: DJ/concert promoter from Cleveland; promotes black music and R&B o Many youngsters formed singing groups in black areas of Detroit, Chicago, Philly, Harlem o Billy Ward (NYC) is one of many gospel/R&B coaches who helps new groups/talent become better and sound more professional i.e. Clyde McPhatter: the Dominoes (1950), the Drifters (1953), but leaves elsewhere; Ben E. King takes over as lead singer with “There Goes My Baby”, “This Magic Moment”, “Save the Last Dance for Me” o
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