I - few weeks of life. This has a common effect of...

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I. Maternal Health 1) Maternal Drug Taking although most Introductory Psychology books mention (only briefly) the effects of drugs on prenatal development, they fail to mention Fetal Alcohol Syndrome which affects 1 out of every 750 children born in the U.S. a) Fetal Alcohol Syndrome -- a 1991 study found that mothers who consumed just 1 alcoholic beverage a day during pregnancy (and assuming these are drinks that contain moderate alcohol levels per drink), had children who scored lower on IQ tests at age 4 than children whose mothers did not drink. Even when environmental factors were accounted for, IQ scores were still lower. 2) Maternal Smoking has immediate effects such as hindering oxygenation of blood to the baby, as well as long-term effects like deficits in growth and learning abilities. 3) Obstetrical Medication although prescribed by a doctor, studies have found that pain medication given during labor (in larger doses) have been correlated with sluggish, less animated infant behavior during the first
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Unformatted text preview: few weeks of life. This has a common effect of hindering the parent-infant bond. In addition, these children have been found to have poor motor coordination and cognitive deficits up to a year old. 4) Maternal Emotional State (Just hang on a second before you make any comments) often overlooked; since more than half of the pregnancies in this country are unplanned, there nay be guilt, anxiety, and depression, all of which are mediated by hormonal reactions which pass through the placenta to the baby. Thus, a rise in adrenaline in mom also occurs in baby. This can be damaging when prolonged, but temporary reactions are not as damaging. Highly emotional mothers during pregnancy have been linked with highly active, irritable infant behaviors, as well as infants who are abnormal sleepers and eaters. Finally, emotionality in mothers has been correlated with miscarriages (greater emotionality is positively correlated with incidences of miscarriage)...
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