EarlyHistory2_1_10post - Apprenticeships(Chamberlain’s...

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Early History of “Juvenile Justice”
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Punishing Children in Ancient Times Babylon (2270 B.C.) “If a son strike his father, one shall cut off his hands” Ancient China, Old Testament. “Visiting the sins of the fathers upon the children” and vice versa. Children viewed as property with no rights.
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Childhood during the Middle Ages Period of Infancy ended at age 7 in England during Middle Ages. Throughout most of history, there was no separate legal category “child.” Shorter life expectancies (apprx. 30% child mortality). No formal schooling. No separate living quarters. The poor, especially poor children, garnered little support in a harsh, dangerous world.
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Pre-Juvenile Justice Handling of Unwanted or Troublesome Children Infanticide and Abandonment
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Unformatted text preview: Apprenticeships (Chamberlain’s Court) and Royal Navy. • Whippings, Imprisonment, Transportation, Nullification. • Bridewell Institution (London,1555). • Hospice at San Michele (Rome, 1704) • House of Refuge for Orphan Girls (London, 1758). Aspects of Early Institutions • Serious Delinquent often lumped together with incorrigible, homeless, and abandoned children. • Focus on religious training and atonement. • Apprenticeships for delinquents typically provided little meaningful training. Delinquency and Modernity • Clergy and scholars began to view childhood as a time of innocence. • Changes in American society during the 1800s were believed to corrupt the youth: 1. industrialization 2. urbanization 3. cultural diversity 4. poverty...
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