History+of+Juvenile+Justice2_4_10post

History+of+Juvenile+Justice2_4_10post - History of Juvenile...

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History of Juvenile Justice “Same Old Wine; Different Bottles or Just a New Label”
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Aspects of Early Institutions Serious Delinquent often lumped together with incorrigible, homeless, and abandoned children. Focus on religious training and atonement. Houses of refuge (refuge from what?) characterized by indeterminate sentences, literacy, skills training, hard work, religious activities (with public funding!), discipline, and apprenticeships.
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Criticisms of Houses of Refuge Children were exploited as a source of cheap labor (indenture agreements with farms etc). Apprenticeships for delinquents typically provided little meaningful training. Mixed the (white) poor vagrants with (white) delinquents. Philly: Separate H of R for blacks. Overcrowded (endless supply of poor urban youth). The houses of refuge became nothing more than new prisons.
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The New Reformatories Mid to Late 1800’s: Emphasis on education, training and parental discipline led to the establishment of
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History+of+Juvenile+Justice2_4_10post - History of Juvenile...

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