History+of+Juvenile+Justice9_20

History+of+Juvenile+Justice9_20 - History of Juvenile...

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History of Juvenile Justice
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Aspects of Early Institutions Serious Delinquent often lumped together with incorrigible, homeless, and abandoned children. Focus on religious training and atonement. Houses of refuge characterized by indeterminate sentences, education, skills training, hard work, religious activities, discipline, and apprenticeships.
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Criticisms of Houses of Refuge Children were exploited as a source of cheap labor. Apprenticeships for delinquents typically provided little meaningful training. Mixed the poor with delinquents. Overcrowded. The houses of refuge became nothing more than new prisons.
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Emphasis on education, training and parental discipline led to the establishment of cottage reformatories and reform schools The cottage plan was intended to mimic a family. Probation was offered to youthful offenders. Foster homes replaced apprenticeships.
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History+of+Juvenile+Justice9_20 - History of Juvenile...

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