Juvenile+Diversion9_29 - • 43 of the delinquency cases...

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Juvenile Diversion
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The Concept of Diversion Juvenile Court set up as diversion from adult court. Diversion also meant keep kids out of the police record (station adjustment) or court system (including outright release). Contemporary Meaning: A programmatic alternative to formal court processing (and non-intervention). Police, court, and detention diversion programs.
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The Intake Decision Intake: court decision on whether to file a court petition (delinquency, status offense, neglect, abuse, or dependence) in delinquency cases.
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History of Diversion Critique of Rehabilitation. Labeling Theory Law Enforcement Assistance Administration recommended and funded diversion (1967). JJDPA (1974) Deinstitutionalization, crisis counseling.
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Factors Affecting Diversion Decision 1. Offense seriousness 2. Prior record 3. Demeanor 4. Demographic characteristics such as age, race, class, and gender
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Informal Adjustment
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Unformatted text preview: • 43% of the delinquency cases coming from juvenile court in 1998 were not petitioned. • As many of 25% of cases are diverted. Types of Programs/Services • Counseling (individual, family, and group). • Teen, peer, or youth courts. • Restorative Justice, Victim-Offender Mediation • Education or Job skills training. • Community service. • Drug Courts/ Drug/Alcohol treatment. Problems in Juvenile Diversion • Net-widening. – Is it really a problem? • Coercion and stigma. • Punishment without Due Process. • Limited Resources Diversion Effectiveness • Great diversity in outcomes. • Effective Programs – Younger clients. – Highly Trained staff. – Intensive and comprehensive Goals of Diversion • Avoid labeling. • Reduce unnecessary court processing and detention. • Reduce recidivism. • Provide counseling and other services. • Save money....
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