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Juvenile+Parole+and+Aftercare3_8_10post

Juvenile+Parole+and+Aftercare3_8_10post - Effectiveness of...

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Effectiveness of confinement One study found that among kids who were recommended for detention but were instead were allowed to remain in the community only 40% were rearrested within 90 days. Pintoff (2004) incarceration has strong deterrent effect for Wash. Offenders except among those with the most minor or most serious criminal history and misdemeanor offenders. Deinstitutionalization was effective in Massachusetts but not effective in Maryland.
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Juvenile Parole and Aftercare
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Reentry Statistics About 100,000 released annually in 1999. About 1000 in NJ. 44% 15-16, 44% >=17 NJ: 47% >19. 2003: 62% had a prior commitment. 40%: 5 or more prior custodial experiences. 56% living with 1 parent; 26%: no parents. 71%: > 1 mental/emotional problem. 1 in 11 had children of their own.
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Recidivism rates for youth released from State Confinement 91-06
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Purpose of Parole Rehabilitation/Reintegration. Public Safety. Correctional Management and Rehab. New Jersey: Btw ’97 and ’99 50% of released offenders were resentenced and 86% were rearrested. CA: 91% rearrested or revoked parole
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Challenges of Reentry Extant social, family, behavioral, cognitive, and neighborhood problems. Adolescent norms (“street code”). No snitching. Display bravado, anger. No talking (honestly) to strangers. Employment discrimination and unemployment. Educational exclusion.
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