Punitive+Transformations4_15_08pst

Punitive+Transformations4_15_08pst - • Media coverage of...

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Punitive Transformations
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“Get Tough” Explanations from Juvies (Class Discussion)
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80 60 40 20 10 1960 1970 1980 1990 1996 Crime Rate Trends Uniform Crime Reports Rate per 1,000 population
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Juvenile Property Crime Arrests
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Punitive Juvenile Justice Reforms Prosecutorial and Legislative Waiver. Lowered age of Waiver Eligibility or Criminal court jurisdiction. Boot Camps. Blended sentencing. Mandatory and Determinate sentencing and security classification. Accountability-oriented sanctions (“scared straight”, restitution, community service, fines etc). Isolation cells, chemical restraints
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Increased Custody as Arrests Decline
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Roots of Punitive Reforms (Feld) The 1960’s, decline of rehabilitative ideal, and the Due Process Revolution.
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Racial Roots of Punitive Reforms (Feld) Crime issue appealed to and fueled white racism and undermined liberal agenda.
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Unformatted text preview: • Media coverage of crime led to perception of crime as an urban black male problem. • These two factors encouraged shift from rehabilitation to punishment model. • In the name of retribution or deterrence, punitive reforms respond to offense and offense history rather than the needs of the offender. Other explanations • Changing meaning of childhood and adolescence (“adultification” or “child-hate”). • Post-industrial economy and mass incarceration. • The crack epidemic, the war on drugs and increased punishments for adults. • Perceptions of declining family and the collapse of the social order. • Strength of the criminal justice and victims’ rights lobby. Education vs. Incarceration Source: Education & Incarceration by Bruce Western, Vincent Schiraldi & Jason Ziedenberg August 28, 2003...
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Punitive+Transformations4_15_08pst - • Media coverage of...

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