Race+and+Juvenile+Justice11_3

Race+and+Juvenile+Justice11_3 - Rehabilitative contexts:...

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Race and Juvenile Justice
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Basic Facts Minorities (especially blacks) over- represented at almost every stage of juvenile justice processing. Disparities are mostly greater when the stakes are higher. But, among the petitioned, blacks less likely to be adjudicated delinquent. 1988 Disproportionate Minority Confinement (DMC) provisions added to JJDPA of 1974. DMC has changed little since 1990.
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Explanations of Racial Disparities Racial differences in offending (prevalence, severity, or frequency). Artifact of extra-legal selection factors (demeanor (?), social class and poverty , gangs, family life, mental health, school performance, neighborhood, geography ). Artifact of legalistic selection factors (quality of evidence, prior record, offense severity, victim impact, prior dispositions, legal representation). Racial profiling and discrimination (unconscious or conscious). Increases crime?
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Theories of discrimination Bias as a cumulative process
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Unformatted text preview: Rehabilitative contexts: Paternalism. Two-track juvenile justice system. Punitive contexts: Racial stereotyping, moral culpability, and racial threat. Statistical Discrimination: Playing the odds (Police, Prosecutors, Judgments of Risk). In any scenario, differences in resources (social and financial capital) between blacks and whites compound the disparities and biases. Policy Implications: Reducing DMC Improving social conditions. Improving educational, recreational, and employment opportunities. Strengthening neighborhood organizations. Mentoring programs. Focus on Disproportionate Minority Contact Shift to actuarial systems of detention placement and non-secure detention alternatives. Cultural sensitivity and bias awareness training. Staff diversity. Increasing diversion programs (and advocacy) and mental health services in low-income counties (vouchers)....
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Race+and+Juvenile+Justice11_3 - Rehabilitative contexts:...

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