SociologTheory1_28_10post

SociologTheory1_28_10post - Sociological Theories of...

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Sociological Theories of Delinquency Sociological theories consider a wide array of social and environmental factors. Most are positivistic (knowable causes). Most sociological theories generally fall within one of three categories: 1. macro theories (cities, counties, states, and even nations are units of analysis) 2. micro theories (individual is unit of
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The Ecology of Delinquency Prevailing view of delinquency pre 1930’s as product of bad genes and bad parents. Shaw and McKay emphasize that neighborhoods are important irrespective of the type of people Applied principles of social ecology to problem of juvenile delinquency.
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Aspects of Disorganized Communities Transiency •Heterogeneity (percentage of “foreign born” and “Negro” heads of families) Poverty Contemporary Social Ecology: Direct measures of social organization and social control. In contexts of social disorganization, subcultural sources of socialization, including criminal gangs, emerge. Criticism: Doesn’t look beyond city or explain where subcultures comes from.
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Delinquent product of Capitalist society. Macro theory to explain high rates of lower class crime and different subcultural formations. Goals (Culture) vs. Opportunities (Social
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SociologTheory1_28_10post - Sociological Theories of...

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