Week13-Research+Ethics

Week13-Research+Ethics - Week 13 (Chap. 3) Research Ethics...

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Week 13 (Chap. 3) Research Ethics 1
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2 4 Major constraints on social research : scientific, administrative, ethical, and political constraints Even scientifically perfect research design has Two other important considerations in doing research 1. Certain procedures are too impractical to use (too expensive or take too long to execute) 2. Ethically prohibitive or politically difficult or impossible 3 Areas of Research Ethic 1. Ethics of data collection and analysis 2. Ethics of treatment of human subjects (participants) 3. Ethics of responsibility to society (use of scientific knowledge)
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3 Ethics in Data Collection and Analysis “Scientists are expected to be “unremittingly honest” in their observations and analyses, to be tolerant, questioning, and willing to admit error, and to place the pursuit of knowledge and understanding above personal gain or the promotion of a particular philosophy or ideology.” (Cournand) Unethical data manipulation Exclude certain cases from the analysis to achieve a significant difference Fail to report results that contradicted a favored hypothesis Search for statistical test that improve the appearance of data (larger R)
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4 Ethical Issues in the Treatment of Human Subjects (4 issues) 1. No Harm to the Participants “harm” is hard to define and predict: people can be harmed personally, psychologically and socially through their participation. Ex. Stanford Prison Experiment (psychologically harmed: broke down, servile and apathetic. .) Milgram’s experiment (highly stressful situation, long term effect on subjects’ self-concepts) 2. Informed Consent Subjects should not be coerced into participating in social research. - Subjects must be given enough information about the research to make an informed decision about whether to participate. Ethical regulations for federally funded research: - A written consent form signed by the subjects or his/her legal guardians when more than “minimal” risk of harm is anticipated. - Methodological problem: response rates & socially desirable responses in survey, reactivity in experiment
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5 Sample of Informed Consent Form (Research methods course) TITLE OF STUDY You are invited to participate in a small research project, being conducted as a course requirement, by _________________, who is a student taking a Social Methods course in the Sociology Department at Rutgers University. The purpose of this research project is to learn how to conduct a small survey (construct and administer a questionnaire, and analyze the results). I have chosen to ask the following research question for this course project:
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Week13-Research+Ethics - Week 13 (Chap. 3) Research Ethics...

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