Week3-variables - Week3 1.Variables 2.Measurement 1 #1....

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   Week 3 1.Variables       2.  Measurement   1
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#1. Ways to Narrow the Question (TB 79) 1.What entities (individual people, groups, formal organization,  nations…) 2. What aspects or characteristics of these entities? 3. What kinds of relationships among the characteristics (variables)    2
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#2. Units of Analysis What or who is to be described or analyzed?  “Do larger organizations have more bureaucratic rules and  regulations than smaller ones?”  Unit of analysis: organizations  Looking at: its size, bureaucratic complexity  “Does extracurricular activities affect academic achievement?   Unit of analysis: individuals                    academic achievement   3
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#3. Ecological Fallacy Assuming that what holds true of a groups also is true of individuals within the  group.”  - Sally attended a college whose average SAT score is low. Can we assume that Sally  herself had low SAT scores? - Wyoming is a red state (Republican). Sally lives in Wyoming. Can we assume that  Sally is a Republican?  - Foreign born persons commit more crimes than native-born    persons.  Evidence?  Crime rate is higher in areas with greater proportions of foreigners.  False! We do not know who actually committed the crimes. Durkheim’s study of suicide: Protestants commit more suicides than Catholics. Evidence?  Suicide rates were higher in Protestant nations than in Catholic ones. (?)  4
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#4. Variables   A variable is any measured characteristic or attribute that  differs for  different participants (or settings). 
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This note was uploaded on 11/20/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 920:311 taught by Professor Phillips during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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Week3-variables - Week3 1.Variables 2.Measurement 1 #1....

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