Extinction+-+Lec+1A+-+Boas

Extinction+-+Lec+1A+-+Boas - to provide you with an...

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Unformatted text preview: to provide you with an understanding of anthropology as a four-field approach and how and why anthropologys sub-disciplines approach questions concerning humankind the way they do THE MOST HUMANISTIC OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCES AND THE MOST SCIENTIFIC OF THE HUMANITIES Anthropologys Subfields Cultural anthropology Linguistic anthropology Archaeology Biological anthropology Past (diachronic/across time) Present (synchronic/across space) Biological Evolutionary Anthropology: Macroevolution (e.g., primate/hominin evolution) Evolutionary Anthropology: Microevolu tion (e.g., human population genetics, growth and development, behavioral ecology) Cultural Archaeology (e.g., evolutionary, pre historic, historic) Cultural/linguistic anthropology (e.g., economic, political, historical, psychological, medical, environmental, urban) Franz Boas Father of American Anthropology ` Commitment to holism ` Essence of human species is tremendous variation in human form and activity ` Doctorate in physics, post-doctoral work in geography, studied anatomy with Virchow ` What causes cultural variation? ` Baffin Island expedition environmental determinism vs culture and history (diffusion of ideas) racial determinism vs psychic unity of mankind cultural context vs general laws ` Fieldwork Native Americans of the Northwest Coast Boass Activism: The Scientist as Citizen ` As scientist and anthropologist, Boas accepted a moral obligation to spread scientific knowledge as widely as possible ` Anthropologists have an obligation to speak out on social issues Racial Inequality: x first scientist to publish that whites and blacks are fundamentally equal, just as are all people...
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Extinction+-+Lec+1A+-+Boas - to provide you with an...

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