JAN+21+CONCEPT - CONCEPTIONS OF MENTAL ILLNESS How views of...

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CONCEPTIONS OF MENTAL ILLNESS How views of mental illness have changed over time Dramatic increase of current rates and types of mental illness How draw line between mental illness and normality?
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PRE-20TH CENTURY Mental illness is universal Historically, limited to small number of most serious conditions Mental illness highly stigmatized in Western history
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CAUSES Not much known Lay often supernatural Psychiatrists often saw as brain disease
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EARLY TREATMENT No specialized outpatient treatment Beginning in 18 th century shut away in institutions
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PRE-20TH CENTURY Small number of severe conditions Seen as bizarre and different from normal Little knowledge Response was to institutionalize
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CURRENT CONCEPTIONS Began with DSM-III (1980) - Now nearly 400 conditions Still some stigma, especially for severe, but much less than in the past Not just severe but huge range
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M.I. WIDESPREAD No longer unusual but widespread 20 percent of population at single point in time, 50 percent over lifetime
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This note was uploaded on 11/20/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 920:307 taught by Professor Horwitz during the Spring '10 term at Rutgers.

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JAN+21+CONCEPT - CONCEPTIONS OF MENTAL ILLNESS How views of...

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