he Reign of Justinian

He Reign of - he Reign of Justinian 527 565 The reign of Justinian was an extremely significant period It marked the final end of the Roman empire

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he Reign of Justinian, 527- 565 The reign of Justinian was an extremely significant period. It marked the final end of the Roman empire; the establishment of the new, Byzantine empire; the beginning of Western Europe's unique position within the civilizations of the Old World; and made possible the spread of Islam and the rise of the Franks. Although this lecture concentrates on the role played by the Gothic Wars in Justinian's reign, there is a great deal more to be known about this remarkable man and about Theodora , his even more remarkable wife. Procopius, a prominent historian of Justinian's time has left a Secret History of those days, a book which is rather scandalous and may even be true Map of the Mediterranean World in 530 1. The empire was united under the Eastern emperor in theory, Justinian tried to make it so in fact. His armies invaded the Vandal, Ostrogothic, and Visigothic kingdoms in turn, and, in a series of bitter wars (540-554), reconquered much of the Mediterranean lands of the West. At the time, it seemed as if he had very little choice in the matter. In theory at least, the Germanic kings ruled as viceroys of the Eastern emperors. There was a difficult problem in that the
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Germans were Arians, practicing and preaching a form of Christianity considered heretical by the established Roman Church. The Vandals were the most zealous of the Arians and were quick to seize orthodox churches in order to convert them into Arian places of worship. The Vandals were so few in number that they resorted to terror in order to keep their subjects in order. The Vandalic kingdom became a police state in which orthodox Christians were striped of property, rights, and even freedom and life. When a delegation of orthodox Christians from Africa appealed to Justinian to fulfill his role as defender of the faith, he decided that the time had come to resolve the peculiar situation and bring the West back under real Roman control.
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course HISTORY 170 taught by Professor Romero during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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He Reign of - he Reign of Justinian 527 565 The reign of Justinian was an extremely significant period It marked the final end of the Roman empire

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