The Process of Na Prous Bonett

The Process of Na Prous Bonett - he Process of Na Prous...

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he Process of Na Prous Bonett (1325) We have already considered the Franciscan Order in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries when discussing The Little Flowers of St. Francis , but it is well worth our time to dwell on the matter a bit longer and consider how the dissensions of the time affected one particular individual. The records of the Holy Office - the Inquisition - allows us the opportunity to consider the plight in which a lady by the name of Boneta found herself The controversy within the Franciscan order did not vanish despite the efforts of Bonaventure to bring about greater harmony. The argument continued to dwell on the proper Franciscan way of life, with the "Moderates" holding that a "moderate use" of world good was sufficient and their opponents claiming that "a poor and scanty way of life" was the very most that they could accept. Despite the established Church's support of the Moderates, the more radical part of the order continued to have considerable support and exerted considerable influence in society. Francis had actually provided a leading example for a popular religious sentiment that was spreading across Europe. In 1209, the year in which he and his followers went to Rome to seek authorization for their way of life from Innocent III, a group of women in the Netherlands gathered to form a semi-ecclesiastical organization. They were, for the most part, widows and spinsters, elderly folk who had outlived their friends and relatives, and they joined together for mutual support and friendship, and to focus their attention of virtuous and religious things. Called the Beguines, the movement spread rapidly, The Beguines were not really nuns. They took no vows, kept their own property, lived at home if they wished, could leave the group, marry, and other things. Yet there were many single women, and the Beguines provided them a group of like-minded colleagues, and the protection that comes with sheer numbers. Interestingly enough, the Beguines were attracted to mysticism from the very beginning, and, when the radical Franciscans began adopting the mysticism of Joachim of Flor, the women took up their vision. There was also a male group, the Beghards, organized on much the same model, which also became quite popular. Unlike the Beguines, however, the Beghards were more closely allied with a single socio-economic class, the urban artisans. It would appear that the Beghard congregations provided those artisans no longer able to perform a full day's work a place of rest and the support of men in similar situations. The Beghards also focussed their attention on religion and did a great
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course HISTORY 170 taught by Professor Romero during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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The Process of Na Prous Bonett - he Process of Na Prous...

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