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DanceUnit6 - Social Dance Image of a female Lindy Hop...

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Social Dance       Image of a female Lindy Hop dancer flipped upside down by her partner, circa late 1920s, America. Jonas, Gerald. Dancing: The Pleasure, Power, and Art of Movement. Abrams, New York: 1998 . Unit 6 Learning Objectives: 1. Students will develop an understanding of the role of dance in social situations and celebrations. 2. Students will learn the four categories of social dances, based on intention. 3. Students will learn the codes of social behavior as it relates to the body, gender, dance and movement in different cultures. 4. Students will develop an appreciation of how social dance reflects the values of a society. What is Social Dance? 5. 6.    "Il Ballo" (in English "The Dance"; caption "A cheerful dance awakens love and feeds hope with lively joy.") from Giuochi, Trattenimenti e Feste Annue Che si Costumano in Toscana e Specialmente in Firenze . Firenze: Pagni & Bardi, 1790. www.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Il_Ballo2.jpg 7. 8. Social Dance - An Introduction 9. Social Dance has been found throughout the world in almost every culture. Unlike forms of dance that have a religious or ritual intention, social dancing is for recreational pleasure. However, it is an important mode of communication through which share a society’s values. Social dancing can commemorate a communal activity like a birth, death or wedding and also be used as a way to connect with other people without a convening event. Using non-verbal movement and gestures, people share social, and cultural values with one another. In some cultures, the practice of appropriate
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gender-specific behavior and attitudes within dance is an essential and integral part of society. 10.    11. Dances of the Cook Islands 12. 13. Men of Cook Island, Traditional Dance. Photo. 25 June 2010. Web. 26 March 2011. www.cook-island- traditional-dance.html 14. To the people of Rarotonga, dancing together has been an integral part of their cultural and been a defining factor of identity in society. Rarotonga is one of the thirteen South Pacific islands that make up the Cook Islands named after the English navigator, Captain James Cook who came to the island in the late 1700’s. Traditional Cook Island dance brought both sexes together without ever touching one another even though they got very close. The men performed vigorous movements with detailed hand gestures and lower body movements while the women performed smooth and graceful movements with a hip swinging motion. Within the culture of the Cook Islands, dancing has been a way for members of both genders - males and females - to show off their talent to attract a partner. Through dancing as socialization, they ensured their connection to a larger, extended family, which was vital to their survival. In the early 1800’s, missionaries arrived and deemed the social dancing they witnessed as improper, particularly the highly articulated, lower body movements. While the missionaries were intent on converting the people to Christianity, many refused to give up their dancing, a clear sign of social and political resistance, which we will study more in the next chapter. The Cook Islands now have evolved social roles
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