DanceUnit7 - Dances of Social and Political Resistance...

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Dances of Social and Political Resistance    Image of two men performing an inverted capoeira fly jump. Image. 3 January 2011. Unit 7 Learning Objectives: 1. Students will develop an understanding of forms of dance that were created to resist social and political oppression. 2. Students will consider the ways in which movement can be a way to preserve heritage and culture. 3. Students will develop an understanding of dance as an expression of national pride, and a powerful force for change. How is Dance Resistance? 4.    Capoeira on the Beach. Photo. 2 October 2009. Web. 5. Preserving Identity Through Heritage and Cultural Forms 6. In this lecture, we focus on the African Diaspora, the time between approximately the years of 1550 and 1870 when the trans-Atlantic slave trade was in existence. The slave trade began with Portuguese explorers on the West Coast of Africa and continued with Dutch, British, French and other European countries perpetuating the sale of human beings within the Americas and the Caribbean as a labor force. It is estimated that anywhere between 10 million to 20 million enslaved Africans were brought from across North Africa to be sold or traded in North and South America and the Caribbean. The majority of enslaved Africans were transported to the Caribbean and South American, primarily Brazil, a Portuguese colony. It is interesting to note that there were people of African descent living in North America before the American Revolution which began in 1775. The African diaspora, also called the “middle passage”, refers to the long journey crossing the Atlantic Ocean to the Caribbean and Americas.
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7. During any period of slavery, the culture of enslaved peoples is suppressed. It was widely believed by those promulgating the slave trade that allowing enslaved persons to engage in dance, song, religion and other activities related to their heritage could lead to uprising and discontent. Prohibition of cultural forms by the colonizers was implemented, with harsh consequences and even death for those that continued to practice their forms. Below we will focus on Brazil and look at movement forms that developed within this countries in resistance to oppression. 8. Candomble - The Syncretized, Danced Religion of Brazil 9. 10. Candomble Priestess. Dancing in One World. 11. Candomble is a danced religion. As such, it serves as a means of preservation of African tradition and a source of Afro-Brazilian pride. Candomble as a word has many meanings; it is worship of the gods and goddesses, otherwise known as orixas, it is a ritual or ceremony, it is the music and dance of Afro-Brazilian people and it is a belief system of a transformed Yoruba tradition. When enslaved Africans were brought to Brazil, they were forbidden to engage in or practice their traditional religions from their homelands. At that time, Catholicism was the official religion in Brazil. Jesuit missionaries convinced slave owners to allow them to
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DanceUnit7 - Dances of Social and Political Resistance...

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