religioustexts - R eligious Sacred Texts Presented by...

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Unformatted text preview: R eligious Sacred Texts Presented by Dayna­gene Solterbeck Points of Concentration Points Cover General Information about the three Cover different Religious Texts; the Quran, the Bible, and the I-Ching. and Research specific text exerts of topics such as Research God, Heaven, Hell, Creation, Good Deeds and Woman, Review the major similarities or differences in Review styles of composition styles Conclusion Bibliography Deep Thinking Questions Deep 1. Do you believe “Sacred Texts” have a large influence on your beliefs or are they merely a reference or written guideline for what you should know? 2. If born in a different country with different sacred texts and beliefs, would you feel differently about the treatment of woman, or accept it? The Bible is a collection of books written in the ancient times by Hebrews The books were not written all at one time surrounding the events that happened, the stories were passed orally through stories, then steadily written down. There are three sections of the Bible, The Old Testament (with 39 books), making up the sacred texts of Judaism, New Testament (with 27 books accepted by Christians) and the Apocrypha (with 14 books which is between the other two) Most of the sacred texts were in Hebrew and Greek first It was written mainly during the period of the Roman Empire (37­4 B.C.) The Qur’an is one of the youngest teachings of monotheistic belief (Belief in one God) The Qur’an is said to be written by Mohammed and sent by the Angel Gabriel as its messenger, the Qur’an is said to be the direct word of God The book consists of 114 chapters called Suras and divided into verses called ayahs It was written between c. 610 and 632 Tao Te Ching is the Sacred text for some eastern countries like some eastern countries like China It is said to be written by Lao Tzu somewhere around 206­ 220 A.D. during the Hun Dynasty The Tao Te Ching is basically a composition of 81 short chapters which are represented in the form of a poem There is still some controversy other who wrote the book since “Lao Tzu” means “Old Man” , there is speculation that more then one man wrote it. The Bible: “ In the beginning God created the The In heavens and the earth.” Gen. 1:1 heavens The Qur’an: “Praise be to God, who created the heavens and the Earth, and made the darkness and the light.” Sura 6:1 darkness Tao Te Ching: “The nameless is the boundary of Heaven and Earth. The named is the mother of creation” Chap. 1 of Chap. Views on God Views The Bible: “If anyone chooses to do God’s will, he will find out whether my teachings come from God or whether I speak my own.” John 7:17 The Quran: “You shall believe in God and his messengers. God is only one God…He is too glorious to have a son.” Sura 4:171 Tao Te Ching: “The Tao is formless and eternal, we recognize all personified deities as being mere human constructs” Chap. 1 The Bible: “And do not fear those who kill the body The but cannot kill the soul. But rather fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell” (Matt. 10:28). 10:28). The Quran: “Prophet, make war on the The unbelievers and the hypocrites and deal rigorously with them. Hell shall be their home: an evil fate. Q 9:73 Tao Te Ching: "And if your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off and cast it from you; for it is more profitable for you that one of your members perish, than for your whole body to be cast into hell. Good Deeds Good All religions share a similar view on good All deeds deeds • • • Be compassionate to others Do not do good deeds to make yourself Do seem better seem It is better to do a good deed and say It nothing, than to tell anyone nothing, The Bible: Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ The loved the church and gave Himself up for her.” Eph 5:25 5:25 The Qur’an: “If you experience rebellion from the “If women, you shall first talk to them, then deserting them in bed, then you may beat them. If they obey you, you are not permitted to transgress against them.” Sura 4:34 them.” Tao Te Ching: “Bitter indeed it is to be born a woman. “Bitter It is difficult to imagine anything so low… She is blamed for all and everything that goes wrong” blamed ~This changes with pregnancy! Basics about the Scriptures Basics The The Bible and the Qur’an: Revealed by God to man God Tao Te Ching: Truth discovered by man Tao (meditation can help in this discovery) The Bible: stories by people The Qur’an: The direct word of God The through Prophets through Tao Te Ching: Book said to be written by Tao Tao Tao There are several similarities and differences. A lot of similarities coincide with the geographical area (Eastern and Western) There are several different ways they all worship, Islamic cultures pray 5 times a day, Christians pray and worship God daily and attend a church on Sundays (Mainly) and People who follow Taoism meditate and worship the Tao. Going through all the books you will be able to find these similarities in the verses or Suras or Chapters, they cover, mostly, the same subjects, but are just represented differently. It is very interesting to see all the subjects in different points of view like this. of BIBLIOGRAPHY BIBLIOGRAPHY This Website is very good for research on the Tao Te Ching sacred text. It has This specific quotes from the text translated into English making it simpler to understand. This site leads you to several opportunities around the Web. There are many This hyperlinks that will let you know everything from specific prayers important to the Christian faith, to specific scriptures in the Bible. Great for researching the Bible’s Text. Bible’s This site gives the reader specific quotes that compare the Bible and The Quran in This several different subjects. This was the main site I used while researching the Western Religions. Western Grolier Incorporated, ‘The Book of Knowledge” (Volume 2, 10 + 18), ISBN Grolier 0-7172-0517-7 (set) Copyright 1986 0-7172-0517-7 This book has a great deal of historical facts that is usable for researching all the This Sacred Texts. To find the information, you go through the volume of the first Letter (Volume 2 is for the letter “B”, therefore I would look for the Bible here). Letter It is a very good research source and the information is backed up by It philosophers, professors, historians, etc. philosophers, ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2011 for the course REL 101 taught by Professor Ernst during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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