Research Ethics_09-3.07.11

Research Ethics_09-3.07.11 - Use of third parties in cases...

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Research Ethics
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Ethics Ethics = Why important? Provide a check on our impulses and curiosity Participants may be put in vulnerable positions Help us wield power
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Belmont Report (1979) “Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research Legal document put forth by Department of Health, Education and Welfare (now Legal action spurred by events in which grave breaches of ethics occurred
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Belmont Report _______________ Do no harm Maximize benefits while minimizing risks ____________________________ The participant decides to participate and continue participating ______________ Procedures should be fair so that there is equal distribution of risks and benefits
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Autonomy The principle of autonomy necessitates the procedure of informed consent The consent process guarantees: ____________ Description of procedures, risks, and benefits ____________ How information is presented to subjects
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Unformatted text preview: Use of third parties in cases of diminished autonomy Beneficence • Risk/benefit assessment occurs on several levels: – The researcher (assure that design is balanced) – Review committee – Participants • Principles – Brutal or inhumane treatment never justified – Risks minimized as much as possible Justice • Participants are selected fairly – Avoiding having benefits available only to particularly favorable groups and risks exposed to less favorable groups – Protect vulnerable groups from exploitation • Racial minorities, economically disadvantaged, very sick, institutionalized – ____________________________________ _____ APA Code of Ethics (2002) • A. Beneficence and Nonmaleficence – Do no harm • B. Fidelity and Responsibility – Hold accountable to professional standards • C. Integrity – Honesty in science, teaching, and practice • D. Justice – All individuals entitled to receive benefits of...
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This note was uploaded on 11/20/2011 for the course PSY 250 taught by Professor Quinton,wj during the Fall '08 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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Research Ethics_09-3.07.11 - Use of third parties in cases...

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