lec041410 - Soc 319 Professor Deborah Carr Politics (contd)...

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Soc 319 Professor Deborah Carr Politics (cont’d) and Deviance Wednesday April 14, 2010 Politics (cont’d) II. The Influence of Business/Organizations versus Individual Citizens A. Interest groups 1. Are organizations that attempt to persuade elected officials to consider their aims when deciding on legislation. 2. Provide much of the funding for candidates at ALL LEVELS of political office. 3. these contributions help get candidates get elected, and can very much influence the outcome of those candidates’ votes on policy issues once in office. B. Campaign Costs 1. The cost of carrying out a campaign in the U.S. is exorbitantly expensive, thus candidates often have no choice but to rely on donations of groups with strong partisan interests and vested interests in important policy decisions (e.g., pharmaceuticals, insurers, physicians, patients’ rights groups all have different interest in the health care reform outcomes). III. Social Change: How Does it Happen A. Forms of Social Change 1. Revolution: the overthrow of existing political order by mass movement, typically using violence. 2. Social movements. A collection of individuals who organize together to achieve or prevent some social or political change. a. A direct linkage between social movements and social change. b. The success of a movement often is “resource dependent;” where resources include money, labor, time, personnel, contact with the media, and credibility. B. Stages of a social movement 1. Preliminary stage: people begin to become aware of a threatening problem. 2. Coalescence stage: people begin to organize and start making the threat known to the public. 3. Institutionalization stage: organizational structure develops, and provides structure (and often resources) to a loosely formed, nascent movement. C. Why Do People Participate in Social Movements? 1. Strength of attitude. Stronger attitude toward an issue or cause, greater likelihood of participating in movement. 2. Situational constraints. One must have time and access? That’s the main reason
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This note was uploaded on 11/20/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 920:101 taught by Professor Carr during the Spring '10 term at Rutgers.

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lec041410 - Soc 319 Professor Deborah Carr Politics (contd)...

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