Rowlandson.2011_slides

Rowlandson.2011_slides - Captivity Narrative: Mary...

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Captivity Narrative: Mary Rowlandson Introduction to American Literature Professor Iannini Rutgers University September 19, 2011
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QUIZ : 1.What specific details do you remember about the way that Rowlandson responds to the death of her youngest daughter near the beginning of her captivity? 2.What specific details do you remember about how and what Rowlandson eats during her captivity? In particular, what new, strange, and “unsavory” foods does she eat?
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At last they brought him to Meronocomoco [5 Jan. 1608], where was Powhatan their Emperor. Here more than two hundred of those grim Courtiers stood wondering at him, as he had become a monster; till Powhatan and his trayne had put themselves in their greatest braveries. Before a fire upon a seat like a bedsted, he sat covered with a great robe, made of Rarowcun skinnes, and all the tayles hanging by. On either hand did sit a young wench of 16 or 18 yeares, and along on each side the house, two rowes of men, and behind them as many women, with all their heads and shoulders painted red: many of their heads bedecked with the white downe of Birds; but every one with something: and a great chayne of white beads about their necks. At his entrance before the King, all the people gave a great shout. The Queene of Appamatuck was appointed to bring him water to wash his hands, and another brought him a bunch of feathers, in stead of a Towell to dry them . . . (continued on next slide)
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. . . Having feasted him after their best barbarous manner they could, a long consultation was held, but the conclusion was, two great stones were brought before Powhatan : then as many as could layd hands on him, dragged him to them, and thereon laid his head, and being ready with their clubs, to beate out his braines, Pocahontas the Kings dearest daughter, when no intreaty could prevaile, got his head in her armes, and laid her owne upon his to save him from death: whereat the Emperour was contented he should live to make him hatchets, and her bells, beads, and copper; for they thought him aswell of all occupations as themselves. For the King himselfe will make his owne robes, shooes, bowes, arrowes, pots; plant, hunt, or doe any thing so well as the rest. --John Smith, The General Historie of Virginia
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John Smiths “Redemption” by Pocahontas I What may have really happened : Smith underwent a scripted adoption ritual designed to incorporate him into Powhatan’s expanding “ paramount chiefdom .” This was an elaborate kinship network within which Powhatan retained and adopted the village chiefs he defeated and subordinated. Within this ritual it was planned that Pocahantas would interrupt Smith’s mock execution. The purpose of the ritual was render Smith and the people of Jamestown tributary to Powhatan.
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John Smiths “Redemption” by Pocahontas II What Smith implies: Pocahontas instantly recognizes Smith’s innate nobility, and spontaneously intervenes on his behalf at considerable risk to herself, at a moment when the Powhatan and his councilors are
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Rowlandson.2011_slides - Captivity Narrative: Mary...

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