Isl+Civ+Lecture+9 - Lecture 9 Political fragmentation...

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Lecture 9 Political fragmentation During the late Abbasids: 10 th – 13 th centuries
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Sunni “revival” vs. “re-centering”
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WHY “re-centering”? 1) “outsider” regimes something NEW 2) not just Sunni response to the “Shi`i century,” (mid–10 th to mid-11 th c.) but also greater homogenization within Sunni Islam 3) threat posed by Christianity (Berkey, Ch 20)
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Fatimids (Shi`i Isma`ilis) Isma`ili caliphate est. by `Ubayd Allah (“al-Mahdi”) began in Tunis 909 by 969 conquered Egypt, established Cairo ruled from Egypt 969 – 1171 *rejected the authority of the Abbasid caliphate* at its height, extended from northwestern Africa to western Arabia, and even Sind 1059 took Baghdad
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Fatimid caliphate (approx. 1000)
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Buyids (Twelver Shi`is) ruled Baghdad 945 – 1055 from Daylam, southeast of Caspian Sea possible link with early Zaydi group founders `Ali ibn Buyah and two brothers took Baghdad in 945 *acknowledged Abbasid caliphate* (took title “Amir”) supported development of Twelver Shi`ism conquered by Sunni Saljuqs 1055
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This note was uploaded on 11/20/2011 for the course MIDDLE EAS 508:201 taught by Professor Russell during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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Isl+Civ+Lecture+9 - Lecture 9 Political fragmentation...

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