Isl+Civ+Lecture+4+Origins - Lecture 4 Origins of Islam John...

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Lecture 4 Origins of Islam
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John Wansbrough (d. 2002) 20 th c. American scholar Taught at University of London’s School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) Qur’anic Studies: Sources and Methods of Scriptural Interpretation (1977) The Sectarian Milieu: Content and Composition of Islamic Salvation History (1978)
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Western scholars of the early Islamic period Islamic sources do not yield historical truth John Wansbrough Patricia Crone Michael Cook Gerald Hawting Islamic sources do have “kernels” of truth Fuat Sezgin W. Montgomery Watt Fred Donner
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QUR’AN 2:217 They ask you about fighting in the sacred months. Say: fighting in it is a serious [sin], but barring [people] from the way of God, and disbelief in Him and in the sacred mosque, and expelling its people from it are more serious in God’s eyes. Spreading discord is more serious than killing .”
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Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (d. 923) From at-Tabari’s History, Vol. VII (The Foundation of the Community): “Muhammad sent 'Abdullah b. Jash b. Ri'ab al-Asadi in Rajab on his return from the first Badr. He sent with him eight emigrants, without any of the
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