Isl+Civ+Lecture+7-1 - Lecture 7 Umayyads & Origins of...

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Lecture 7 Umayyads & Origins of Shi`ism
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MU`AWIYYA (r. 661 – 680) 1 st Umayyad caliph had 21 yrs experience as governor of Syria moved capital to Damascus criticized for wanting son Yazid to succeed him used mawali for farming in Medina was smart politician used Abu Sufyan’s policies of trading agreements as inspiration for his statecraft used money to secure alliances cabinet filled by Qurayshis of lesser clans (not Umayyads) organized caliphate more as a confederation than an empire (except royal lands of Sasanians in/around Kufa) known for hilm had grudging respect of some of the opposition at news of his death, Husayn marched to Kufa
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Yazid b. Mu`awiyya (r. 680-683) sources date to approx 800 and after; are highly partisan Shi`i sources describe him as corrupt, tyrannical, and impious Sunni sources report his military experience and skill, and effective rule faced opposition on many fronts: Shi`a of `Ali in Kufa invigorated by events of Karbala
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Isl+Civ+Lecture+7-1 - Lecture 7 Umayyads & Origins of...

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