Italy+March+29 - March 29, 2011 Associated with the...

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Unformatted text preview: March 29, 2011 Associated with the proliferation of small-scale skilled production units in the northeastern part of Italy, standing between the congested industrial north and the underdeveloped south; SMEs in traditional and emerging sectors play a key role in the Italian economy; many are family business Flexible specialization; customized infrastructure in specialized industrial districts Industrial districts: the term has evolved and now implies the ways in which economic specialization arises through clustering in a particular industry- zoned urban area Industrial districts in Northern Italy have a coherent location and a narrow specialization profile, e.g. Prato in woolen fabric, Sassuolo in ceramic tiles or Brenta in ladies' footwear . Are industrial clusters a part of Italys economic problems or part of the solution? Not highly compatible Recent history of fascism Influence of Marxism Employers generally anti-union; unions range from Marxist to moderate Catholic Ideological instability, but less than France Traditionally resisted unions and collective bargaining Large employers often act as leaders in the area of employment relations (e.g. Fiat) Central employer confederations are more important than industry associations, though the latter has become increasingly important since the 1970s given the decentralizing trend of collective bargaining Employer representations are overlapped and fragmented Confindustria General Federation of Italian Industry: the most important association; dual structure: territorial and industry; SMEs are the vast majority; traditional ties to DC; plays a central role in tripartite negotiations, economy-wide collective bargaining, coordinating industry bargaining, lobbying, etc....
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This note was uploaded on 11/20/2011 for the course LABOR STUD 575:301 taught by Professor Liu during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Italy+March+29 - March 29, 2011 Associated with the...

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