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Italy+March+29 - March29,2011 , economy;manyarefam

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March 29, 2011
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Associated with the proliferation of small-scale skilled production units in  the northeastern part of Italy, standing between the congested industrial  north and the underdeveloped south;  SMEs in traditional and emerging sectors play a key role in the Italian  economy; many are family business Flexible specialization; customized infrastructure in specialized industrial  districts Industrial districts: the term has evolved and now implies the ways in which  economic specialization arises through clustering in a particular industry- zoned urban area Industrial districts in Northern Italy have a coherent location and a narrow  specialization profile, e.g.  Prato  in  woolen  fabric,  Sassuolo  in  ceramic  tiles  or  Brenta  in ladies'  footwear . Are industrial clusters a part of Italy’s economic problems or part of the  solution?
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Not highly compatible Recent history of fascism  Influence of Marxism   Employers generally anti-union; unions range from  Marxist to moderate Catholic Ideological instability, but less than France
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Traditionally resisted unions and collective bargaining Large employers often act as leaders in the area of  employment relations (e.g. Fiat) Central employer confederations are more important than  industry associations, though the latter has become  increasingly important since the 1970s given the decentralizing  trend of collective bargaining Employer representations are overlapped and fragmented Confindustria   General Federation of Italian Industry: the most  important association; dual structure: territorial and industry;  SMEs are the vast majority; traditional ties to DC; plays a  central role in tripartite negotiations, economy-wide collective  bargaining, coordinating industry bargaining, lobbying, etc.
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