France+Mar+22 - Employment Relations and Labor Movements in...

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Employment Relations and Employment Relations and Labor Movements in France Labor Movements in France March 22, 2011
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Union Density Union Density 7.8% in 2007, under 6% in the private sector Union support much greater than membership (not a good indicator of union strength in France): important role in CB, representation election, and tripartite institutions Union density has declined since the 1970s even with favorable political environment: why?
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Union decline Prohibition of closed shops Traditional focus on maintaining an active core of organizers rather than recruiting members All workers can benefit from unions and CB agreements No specific welfare benefits to union members Strong employer opposition Ideological and political fragmentation of unions negatively affects recruiting
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Industrial Conflict Industrial Conflict Constitutional right to strike; little legal regulations of strikes in the private sector The courts distinguish legal and illegal strikes Legal strike: stoppage of work, related to industrial relations issues Lockouts are illegal Lots of strikes but most very short (“hit and run”); therefore work days lost is low Strikes unpredictable, over industrial issues but content largely symbolic and ideological Strikes often display militance to win public support and impose political rather than economic pressure
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http://www.france24.com/en/20090424-th Compare and contrast trade unions in France and the US
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Collective Bargaining Collective Bargaining 1950 law established principle of collective bargaining, but not mandatory and no “good faith” obligation Covers non-union employees Can be extended by Labor Minister to other areas or employers Only one representative union needs to sign agreement for validity (2008 joint agreement: a valid
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France+Mar+22 - Employment Relations and Labor Movements in...

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