Org+Behavior+and+Work_Session+17

Org+Behavior+and+Work_Session+17 - March 23 2011...

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ORGANIZATIONAL CHAPTER 13 Kaumudi Misra ( [email protected] ) Instructor Power and Politics in Organizations Power and Politics in Organizations March 23 2011
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A Definition of Power Power The capacity that A has to influence the behavior of B so that B acts in accordance with A’s wishes Exists as a potential or fully actualized influence over a dependent relationship Dependency B’s relationship to A when A possesses something that B requires The greater B's dependence, the more power A has
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Contrasting Leadership and Power Leadership Focuses on goal achievement Requires goal compatibility with followers Focuses influence downward Research Focus Leadership styles and relationships with followers Power Used as a means for achieving goals Requires follower dependency Used to gain lateral and upward influence Research Focus Power tactics for gaining compliance
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Bases of Power: Formal Power Formal Power Established by an individual’s position in an organization Three bases: Coercive Power A power base dependent on fear of negative results Reward Power Compliance achieved based on the ability to distribute rewards that others view as valuable Legitimate Power The formal authority to control and use resources based on a person’s position in the formal hierarchy
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Bases of Power: Personal Power Power that comes from an individual’s unique characteristics – these are the most effective Expert Power Influence based on special skills or knowledge Referent Power Influence based on possession by an individual of desirable resources or personal traits
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This note was uploaded on 11/20/2011 for the course LABOR STUD 575:345 taught by Professor Misra during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Org+Behavior+and+Work_Session+17 - March 23 2011...

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