Org+Behavior+and+Work_Session+5

Org+Behavior+and+Work_Session+5 - Feb 02 2011...

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ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR & WORK: CHAPTER 5 Kaumudi Misra ( kmisra@rci.rutgers.edu ) Instructor Personality and Values Feb 02 2011
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What is Personality? The dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his unique adjustments to his environment.’ - Gordon Allport. The sum total of ways in which an individual reacts and interacts with others, the measurable traits a person exhibits. Measuring Personality Helpful in hiring decisions Most common method: self-reporting surveys Observer-ratings surveys provide an independent assessment of personality – often better predictors
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Personality Determinants Heredity Factors determined at conception: physical stature, facial attractiveness, gender, temperament, muscle composition and reflexes, energy level, and bio-rhythms This “Heredity Approach” argues that genes are the source of personality Twin studies: raised apart but very similar personalities Parents don’t add much to personality development There is some personality change over long time periods
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Personality Traits Enduring characteristics that describe an individual’s behavior The more consistent the characteristic and the more frequently it occurs in diverse situations, the more important the trait. Two dominant frameworks used to describe personality: Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI ® ) Big Five Model
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The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Most widely used instrument in the world. Participants are classified on four axes to determine one of 16 possible personality types, such as ENTJ. Flexible and Spontaneo us Sociable and Assertive Quiet and Shy Unconscio us Processes Uses Values & Emotions Practical and Orderly Use Reason and Logic Want Order & Structure
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The Types and Their Uses Each of the sixteen possible combinations has a name, for instance: Visionaries (INTJ) – original, stubborn, and driven. Organizers (ESTJ) – realistic, logical, analytical, and businesslike. Conceptualizer (ENTP) – entrepreneurial, innovative, individualistic, and resourceful. Research results on validity are mixed. MBTI ® is a good tool for self-awareness and counseling. Should not be used as a selection test for job candidates.
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The Big Five Model of Personality Dimensions
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How Do the Big Five Traits Predict Behavior? Research has shown this to be a better framework. Certain traits have been shown to strongly relate to higher
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Org+Behavior+and+Work_Session+5 - Feb 02 2011...

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