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Reinforcement theory

Reinforcement theory - experience the consequence •...

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Reinforcement theory The reinforcement theory, based on E. L. Thorndike's law of effect, simply looks at the relationship  between behavior and its consequences. This theory focuses on modifying an employee's on-the-job  behavior through the appropriate use of one of the following four techniques: Positive reinforcement  rewards desirable behavior. Positive reinforcement, such as  a pay raise or promotion, is provided as a reward for positive behavior with the intention of  increasing the probability that the desired behavior will be repeated.  Avoidance  is an attempt to show an employee what the consequences of improper  behavior will be. If an employee does not engage in improper behavior, he or she will not 
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Unformatted text preview: experience the consequence. • Extinction is basically ignoring the behavior of a subordinate and not providing either positive or negative reinforcement. Classroom teachers often use this technique when they ignore students who are “acting out” to get attention. This technique should only be used when the supervisor perceives the behavior as temporary, not typical, and not serious. • Punishment (threats, docking pay, suspension) is an attempt to decrease the likelihood of a behavior recurring by applying negative consequences....
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