1. Thursday, September 10, 2009

1. Thursday, September 10, 2009 - 3 Dialectic argument...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
PHL100Y1 Thursday, September 10th, 2009 Philosophy = philein sophia - greek word for love of wisdom Why are you here? - theives: just to get a credit/ $$ - brokers: grade grubbers - lovers: lover of widsom/ philosopher What is philosophy? Arguing about the nature of knowledge, reality and value. Sophistry - ability to argue (falsely). to distingish this from real philosophers, “know thyself” (oracle of delphi) Socratic Method: (via Plato) Socrates never asserts, he always asks. Thought philosophy was alive, not dead. Basic Principles 1. Irony: means “distance” or “gap” -Socrates will say things he doesn ʼ t believe to advance the discussion 2. Doctrina ignorantia: pretends to know nothing - acknowledging your own ignorance/ when you think you do know, you stop asking
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 3. Dialectic argument: moves by antagonism/ conFict/ clash of views 4. Maieusis: Socrates as the midwife of ideas - means “bringing forth” the knowledge that is already there Basic Mechanism: elenchus 1. general de±nition requested (not instances) - ex: dont show me a just man, tell me what justice is 2. de±nition offered 3. de±nition fails > counter example or similar objection 4. improve de±nition offered 5. conceptual relations queried: is conditional relation suf±cient (good), necessary(better/ without which) or both (best) 6. repeat as necessary 7. philosophical de±nition found: general category, independant standard Example: Plato ʼ s dialogue Euthyphro. Asked what a pious action is, Euthyphro replies, “a pious act is what the gods love”...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online