27. Tuesday, January 19, 2010

27. Tuesday, January 19, 2010 - PHL Tuesday January 19th...

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Unformatted text preview: PHL Tuesday, January 19th, 2010 Problems for all contract-based civil societies: 1. negative liberty v. positive liberty (cf. Isaiah Berlin) • freedom from v. freedom to • [-] restricting/ constraints/ limitation • [+] specify what the freedom is for → maximizing liberty • negative = cannot be wrong in your decision in what you do with your liberty • positive = can be wrong, more controversial, hence ʻ false consciousness ʼ / paternalism - as it speciFes what your liberty is for • Berlin: only negative liberty can be justiFed in a just state - positive liberty will be anti-liberal as it will tell you how to live • ex: Marx - you can be wrong about your best interests - false consciousness 2. express v. tacit consent (cf. Plato, Crito ) • what counts as an agreement? in express consent you basically sign on the dotted line - in tacid consent is merely being here enough? or what beneFts do you need to have used? • an extreme libertarian argues if you don ʼ t take the beneFts you are not in the contract • does it need to be renewed? election system can be defended as a kind of contract renewal 3. tragedy of the commons (I) • if there is commonly held land, and each of us have incentive to have many cows...
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27. Tuesday, January 19, 2010 - PHL Tuesday January 19th...

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