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Unformatted text preview: PHL Tuesday, January 19th, 2010 Problems for all contract-based civil societies: 1. negative liberty v. positive liberty (cf. Isaiah Berlin) freedom from v. freedom to [-] restricting/ constraints/ limitation [+] specify what the freedom is for maximizing liberty negative = cannot be wrong in your decision in what you do with your liberty positive = can be wrong, more controversial, hence false consciousness / paternalism - as it speciFes what your liberty is for Berlin: only negative liberty can be justiFed in a just state - positive liberty will be anti-liberal as it will tell you how to live ex: Marx - you can be wrong about your best interests - false consciousness 2. express v. tacit consent (cf. Plato, Crito ) what counts as an agreement? in express consent you basically sign on the dotted line - in tacid consent is merely being here enough? or what beneFts do you need to have used? an extreme libertarian argues if you don t take the beneFts you are not in the contract does it need to be renewed? election system can be defended as a kind of contract renewal 3. tragedy of the commons (I) if there is commonly held land, and each of us have incentive to have many cows...
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course PHL 100Y1 taught by Professor Professormarkkingwell during the Fall '09 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.
- Fall '09