28. Thursday, January 21, 2010

28. Thursday, January 21, 2010 - PHL Thursday, January 21,...

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PHL Thursday, January 21, 2010 Category Mistakes: 1. “She came in a taxi and left in a rage” (A.J. Ayer) 2. “Yes, but where is the university?” - conceptual mistake 3. “Mind and matter are both substances, but exist in completely different ways” Rationalism vs. Empiricism Rationalists = spiders they spin knowledge of the world by deploying a pattern or template innately available to the mind; each spider can build the same web Empiricists = ants they collect bits and pieces of knowledge through joint action and accumulation; knowledge is the result of ongoing aggregation of sense impressions The difference: Descartes’s innate ideas (or mental structure) vs. Locke’s blank slate, no innate ideas, everything is built of sense impressions ( tabula rasa) Hume’s challenge: sense impressions alone are not sufFcient to structure knowledge; but ideas can come from nowhere else; hence, knowledge sits on a rotten foundation and the only consistent position is skepticism - all pillars of metaphysical argument are purely confusions
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course PHL 100Y1 taught by Professor Professormarkkingwell during the Fall '09 term at University of Toronto.

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28. Thursday, January 21, 2010 - PHL Thursday, January 21,...

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